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4) Elite Pluralism

Over time, sociologists have realised the flaws in Classical Pluralism; even Dahl himself conceded that the unequal distribution of wealth in the US makes equality and plurality in politics impossible. It was as a result of these criticisms that David Marsh (1985) created the theory of elite pluralism. Elite pluralists agree with classical pluralists that there is … Continue reading

3) Classical Pluralism

The Classical Pluralist views of power are based upon the work of Weber. The basic idea of this view is that because anyone can have power because they can all have their voice heard, so any one can win an argument. Pluralists such as Dahl disagree with Marxists who believe there is a direct link between … Continue reading

2) Lukes’ 3 faces of power

Stephen Lukes said Sociologists should study power as having 3 “faces”. The first face – The issue method This is based upon the work of Dahl who said that person who wins and argument, or an issue, has the power. This fits with the Classical Pluralist approach to power. i.e. a parent wins an argument … Continue reading

1) Webers defintion of Power

Weber was one of the first Sociologist to define power. He said there were 3 types of power; Traditional, Charismatic and coercive. Traditional – This is the power someone gains because of traditions and customs. For example, a King inherits power purely because he is born into power. Similarly, a teacher naturally has power over … Continue reading