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12) Other forms of political participation

We know that political participation through voting has decreased over the years, with an extremely low voter turnout of 59.3% in the 2001 elections. However, this doesn’t mean that political participation overall has decreased. This is because there are many different alternative forms of political participation, of which many are becoming more popular. One example … Continue reading

11)Political participation through voting

The UK is a representative democracy. This means people vote to elect someone to make decisions on their behalf, representing their desires and needs, in the UK these people are MPs. If the voters don’t feel they are represented well then they can be voted out at the next election. In this way the public … Continue reading

10) Views of the State

Weber defined the state as being 3 key things: The State is created by people The State can use force legitimately The State rules over a geographical area, for example the UK The role and power of the State is highly debated amongst sociologists, with a great variety of opinion surrounding it. The Pluralist views … Continue reading

9) Feminist views of power

The feminist view of power is relatively simple; they believe that power in society is unequally, and unjustly, balanced towards men. Feminists say this leads to the discrimination of women, with men using their power to control women’s lives. Many feminists separate the power men have over women into two “spheres”, the public and the … Continue reading

8) Post-structuralist approaches to power

All the perspectives we have looked at so far say power can be understood by examining the structures in society. For example, Marxists say power can be understood by the type of economic base in a society. However, Foucault claims power lies outside of these structures. He instead said that power operates in discourses rather than structures. … Continue reading

7) Neo-Marxist perspective on power

Neo-Marxism is built upon the Marxist idea that the superstructure of the state determines who has the power. However, the neo-Marxists Gramsci said that the superstructure is divided into two distinct sections, the civil and political societies. The political society is made up of institutions that rule by force such as the police and the … Continue reading