AS Unit 1 – The Family

This category contains 10 posts

10) The “dark side” of the Family

One of the main criticisms of the marxist view of the family is that they don’t take into account the “dark side of the family”. There are two main areas of the dark side of the family, child abuse and domestic violence. Child abuse The levels of child abuse is hard to measure, however it … Continue reading

9) The rising divorce rates

The number of divorces in the UK is increases rapidly every year. The divorce rate has risen from 27,000 in 1961 to 167,000 by 2005. We now have one of the highest divorce rates in the European Union. About 40 per cent of new marriages today are likely to end in divorce. Changes in the … Continue reading

8) Decline in average family size

The birth rate has been declining in Britain; from 28 per 1,000 in 1902 to around 11 per 100 in 2005. The reasons for smaller families Contraception – More effective safer and cheaper birth control has led to fewer children Compulsory education – Children were banned from work and education became compulsory in 1880, this … Continue reading

7) The emergence of the symmetrical family

Most sociologists think that Britain has moved from segregated conjugal roles to more integrated conjugal roles, the jobs within the family are more fairly spread between genders Reasons for these changes: Improved living standards at home have encouraged partners to become more home-centred, improving the relationship at home Due to decrease in extended families there … Continue reading

6) The decline of the classic extended family and the emergence of the privatized nuclear family

A large change in the family in Britain is the movement from extended families to privatized nuclear families as the common type. This means the family is much more isolated from the rest of society, leading to less need for community. For example, instead of helping in the community families are more likely to do … Continue reading

5) Has the family lost its functions?

Families in pre-industrial Britain had a lot of functions and responsibilities, however recently some sociologists argue that the family has lost these functions. The case for the view that the family has lost its functions – Since industrialization many of the functions the family used to do has been transferred to other specialized institutions. For example, the NHS now … Continue reading

4) Marxist Feminist and Radical Feminist Perspectives

Unlike Marxists, Feminists focus more on the emasculation of the women than the working class Marxist Feminists – Believe that the emasculation of women comes originally from capitalism Radical Feminists – Believe that it is patriarchy itself that emasculates women Key points of the Feminists view of the Family  The social reproduction of labour power – the … Continue reading

3) Traditional Marxist Perspective

Marxists don’t see the family as necessary for society to function, however they think that capitalism needs the family to function well (maintain social inequality), this is because the family socialize working-class children to submit to the ruling class. Engels said that the nuclear family’s role is to pass on private property to heirs, ensuring that … Continue reading

2) Functionalist Perspectives

Functionalists see the Family as a functional prerequisite of society. Murdoch said the family has 4 key functions: sexual – expressing sexuality in a way which is socially acceptable Reproduction – needed to provide a suitable way to raise children Socialization –  “primary socialization” helps teach children socially acceptable behaviour and values of the society … Continue reading

1) Key Aspects of the course

A Family  is a unit of people who are tied by “kinship” (are related by blood, adoption or marriage) A household is one or more people living in the same address and sharing living arrangements. Different types of Families and Households Nucleur – two generations: parents and children living in the same household Extended – All kin, including … Continue reading